Management of Cultural Heritage

This handbook is developed by members of the ICMS ICOM International Committee of Museum Security with the financial support of:


Ministry of Culture of The Netherlands 

Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (The Netherlands) 

Gogh Museum (The Netherlands) 

Mondriaan Foundation (The Netherlands) 


Editor: Willem Hekman (The Netherlands) October 2010

Translated into Armenian with the support of ROCHEMP Regional Center of Cultural Heritage Management, Protection and Enhancement and ICOM National Committee of Armenian Museums.



CULTURAL HERITAGE: Experience & Perspectives in International Context. ROCHEMP
1st ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE. 23-24, January, 2020 / Editor Ani
Avagyan. Yerevan. NATIONAL GALLERY OF ARMENIA, 2020.- pp. 124.


Enhancement of Cultural Heritage

Preservation of Cultural Heritage


Over the last two hundred years, concrete has been used to produce a remarkably rich and diverse legacy of buildings and structures that are increasingly recognized for their cultural significance. With this growing recognition comes the need for protection and conservation. However, concrete conservation is still a relatively new field with limited availability of guiding resources. Conservation Principles for Concrete of Cultural Significance intends to fill that gap, recognizing that much knowledge can be drawn from best practices in general repair of concrete; however, historic structures demand additional care to ensure that any work performed retains their cultural significance.

Conservation Principles for Concrete of Cultural Significance provides a framework for architects, engineers, conservators, contractors, and stewards to make sound, informed decisions for conserving culturally significant concrete buildings and structures by referencing both concrete repair standards and international conservation principles. The principles outlined in this document are meant to provide a logical approach to concrete conservation, leading practitioners through the typical conservation methodology, from investigation to the development of conservation strategies to implementation and maintenance. Its underlying premise is that concrete, in all its guises, may be of cultural significance and deserves a careful, knowledge-based approach to its care in order to sustain it for future generations. It has been extensively reviewed by experts in concrete conservation, and their contributions were valuable in shaping the final document and reaffirming its need.

The Concrete Conservation Process Flowchart summarizes the principles advocated in this publication. It illustrates the cyclic path of concrete conservation, and highlights key decision-making steps. The page format allows the reader to use it as a quick reference guide to the contents of the Principles.

This publication is an outcome of the Concrete Conservation project, which aims to improve the conservation of twenthieth-century concrete heritage by tackling some of the challenges facing this emerging field with development of scientific research, model field projects, training, and publications. This project is part of the Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative.

How to Cite this Work

Macdonald, Susan, and Ana Paula Arato Gonçalves. 2020. Conservation Principles for Concrete of Cultural Significance. Principles. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. 


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Flow Char

Draft of European Recommendation for the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage